Persons under the age of 18 are juveniles in the state of Florida . Differing from the criminal justice system, the juvenile justice system theoretically seeks to rehabilitate rather than punish. A juvenile has most of the same constitutional rights as an adult, which include the right to an attorney, the 5 th amendment protection against self-incrimination, as well as the right to confront and cross-examine his or her accusers. However, a juvenile doesn’t have the right to a trial by jury, and juvenile cases are heard before a judge. In severe cases of violent crimes a juvenile may be tried as an adult in the criminal justice system.
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